Compare-contrast essay about two friends
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The danger of this subject-by-subject organization is that your paper will simply be a list of points: a certain number of points (in my example, three) about one subject, then a certain number of points about another. This is usually not what college instructors are looking for in a paper—generally they want you to compare or contrast two or more things very directly, rather than just listing the traits the things have and leaving it up to the reader to reflect on how those traits are similar or different and why those similarities or differences matter. Thus, if you use the subject-by-subject form, you will probably want to have a very strong, analytical thesis and at least one body paragraph that ties all of your different points together.
Before you begin writing, brainstorm to find similarities and differences between your subjects.
Apples & Oranges
Both are tree fruits, grown commercially in large orchards
Oranges tropical, apples temperate
Apple juice and orange juice
Apple juice has no pulp. Orange juice has pulp.
Pulp and peeling from oranges is used in sauce. Applesauce contains only the pulp of the pared apple.
Use your essay introduction to introduce both subjects and present the points you intend to make.
Ex: However, although apples and oranges are both fruits, they are each ripe with differences, some of which are shown in the way they are grown and processed.
Format the body of your compare and contrast essay in one of several ways:
- You can compare and contrast different elements of each subject in each paragraph of your essay body. This is also called "point by point" comparison and contrast.
- (Compare) Apples and oranges are both tree fruits often grown commercially in large orchards. (Contrast) However, apples grow in every climate and oranges need tropical temperatures to produce fruit.
- (compare) Although both fruits can be juiced, (contrast) apples are pressed and only the juice is bottled while both pulp and juice is squeezed from oranges.
- (Compare) Again, while fruit sauce is made from both apples and oranges, usually applesauce comes from the pared and pureed apple (contrast) while orange sauce may contain both the rind and the pulp of the orange.
- You can use one paragraph to discuss one subject, the second paragraph to discuss the other and the final paragraph of the body to compare and contrast the two subjects.
- Apples are a tree fruit that is often grown commercially in large orchards. As well as eaten from the tree, apples are also both pressed into apple juice or pureed and processed into applesauce.
- Oranges are also a tree fruit, often grown commercially in large orchards. Like apples, they can be eaten from the tree, squeezed into juices or processed into orange sauce.
- (Compare and contrast points discussed in paragraphs one and two.) One big difference between apples and oranges is the way they are processed. Notice that while apples are pressed for juice, orange juice is squeezed from the orange. Another difference is that while apple juice contains only the liquid pressed from the apple, orange juice may also contain the pulp from the orange. Although applesauce contains the pureed pulp of the pared apple, orange sauce may contain bits of orange rind as well as the pulp of the fruit.
- You can also limit your essay to discuss only one similarity and one difference between the two subjects.
- You can structure you essay to compare only similarities or to contrast only differences between your two subjects.
Note: To avoid confusing your reader, it's best to follow the same order of representation in each paragraph. For instance, in example one notice that the order is subject one (apples,) comparison, and then contrast and followed by subject two (oranges,) comparison, and then contrast.
You may want to try a couple of different formats for your topic in order to choose which best suits your subject. In addition, using appropriate transitions between paragraphs is very important in writing the compare and contrast essay. Transitions help your essay flow smoothly from point to point yet keep your essay on topic.
Another technique in writing the compare and contrast essay is to use cue words that links one paragraph to the words. Cue words are clues to whether you are comparing your subjects or contrasting them and make it easier for your reader to understand your points.
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