1690s, from French contraster (Old French contrester ), modified by or from Italian contrastare "stand out against, strive, contend," from Vulgar Latin *contrastare "to withstand," from Latin contra "against" (see contra ) + stare "to stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet ).
Middle English had contrest "to fight against, to withstand," which became extinct. Modern word re-introduced as an art term. Related: Contrasted ; contrasting ; contrastive .
This section of the website contains essays that give a very brief description of similarities and differences between Christianity and Islam. However it is important to realize that there are many different traditions within Islam and many thousands of different traditions within Christianity. Thus, one can precisely compare and contrast only one Christian tradition with one Islamic tradition. To do that thoroughly would require tens of thousands or hundreds of thousands of essays -- a task well beyond the resources of this web site.
Critical and normative analysis shines through in the work of Morgenthau. Following Hannah Arendt, Morgenthau makes a distinction between the vita contemplativa and the vita activa , the first concept corresponds to truth and the second to power. In Morgenthau’s world the two realms are at odds with one another as they are oriented towards different goals. While truth tries to unmask power for what it actually is, in order to open up space for normative and critical challenges to the status-quo, power tries to cloak itself and pretend to be the bearer of truth and justice in hope of maintaining the existing order. Morgenthau argues that the task of the scholar is to speak truth to power and expose it for what it actually (Morgenthau, 1970: 14-15). This is the task Morgenthau undertakes when he relentlessly attack rational liberalism for uncritically accepting relations of domination by cloaking it under the banner of ‘rationality’ and ‘harmony of interest’ (Williams, 2005: 96). Rational liberalism then only reinforces the status-quo which Morgenthau claims to be contrary to the purpose of political science as a discipline designed to unsettle power and bring about change (Cozette, 2008: 8).
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