During the Aufklärung , or Enlightenment, history began to be seen as both linear and irreversible. Condorcet 's interpretations of the various "stages of humanity" or Auguste Comte 's positivism were one of the most important formulations of such conceptions of history, which trusted social progress . As in Jean-Jacques Rousseau 's Emile (1762) treatise on education (or the "art of training men"), the Aufklärung conceived the human species as perfectible: human nature could be infinitely developed through a well-thought pedagogy . In What is Enlightenment? (1784), Immanuel Kant defined the Aufklärung as the capacity to think by oneself, without referring to an exterior authority, be it a prince or tradition:
3. Compare and contrast military, economic and political situations f the Union Confederacy.
Truman emulated this by flying to the Pacific to meet MacArthur. Initially, Truman was unenthusiastic about the idea, as he disliked publicity stunts,  but in October 1950, in the wake of the victories at Pusan and Inchon, MacArthur's star was burning bright.  By meeting with him, Truman could emphasize his own part in the victories, as Commander-in-Chief.  A message was sent to MacArthur suggesting a meeting on Hawaii or Wake Island .  MacArthur replied that he "would be delighted to meet the President on the morning of the 15th at Wake Island."  When MacArthur discovered that the President would be bringing the news media with him, MacArthur asked if he could bring correspondents from Tokyo. His request was denied. 
With the Cold War over for a quarter of a century, what is the case now for America, $20 trillion in debt, going abroad in search of monsters to destroy?
· Monica Crowley, President-Elect Donald J. Trump’s pick for a top National Security Council job, plagiarized numerous passages in her ...